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Vaṇijjā Suttaṃ

(A.iii.208)

Businesses

“These five businesses, monks, should not be engaged in by a lay disciple. What five? Business in weapons (satthavaṇijjā), business in living beings (sattavaṇijjā), business in flesh (maṃsavaṇijjā), business in intoxicants (majjavaṇijjā), business in poisons (visavaṇijjā). These five businesses, monks, should not be engaged in by a lay disciple.”

Vaṇijjāsuttavaṇṇanā

(AA.iii.303)

Commentary on the Vaṇijjā Sutta

Business means trading as a means of livelihood. By a lay disciple means by one who has taken refuge in the three refuges. Business in weapons means having made weapons as property, he sells them. Business in living beings means selling human beings. Business in flesh means having raised pigs, deer, and so forth, he sells them. Business in intoxicants means having made whatever kind of intoxicants, he sells them. Business in poisons means having made poisons, he sells them. Thus one should neither engage in any of these businesses oneself, nor urge others to engage in them.

Vaṇijja Suttaṃ

(A.ii.81)

Trading

Then the Venerable Sāriputta approached the Blessed One, having approached, paid homage, and having paid homage, sat down at one side. Sitting there at one side, the Venerable Sāriputta said to the Blessed One: “What is the cause, venerable sir, what is the reason, that a business started by one person ends in failure, the same business started by another person profits less than expected, that started by another profits as expected, and that started by another profits more than expected?”

“Here, Sāriputta, one person, having approached a recluse or a priest and invites him: ‘Tell me, venerable sir, what requisites you need.’ He does not give what he offered. Having deceased from there and returned here, whatever business he starts ends in failure.

“Here, Sāriputta, one person, having approached a recluse or a priest and invites him: ‘Tell me, venerable sir, what requisites you need.’ He gives less than what he offered. Having deceased from there and returned here, whatever business he starts profits less than expected.

“Here, Sāriputta, one person, having approached a recluse or a priest and invites him: ‘Tell me, venerable sir, what requisites you need.’ He gives what he offered. Having deceased from there and returned here, whatever business he starts profits as expected.

“Here, Sāriputta, one person, having approached a recluse or a priest and invites him: ‘Tell me, venerable sir, what requisites you need.’ He gives more than he offered. Having deceased from there and returned here, whatever business he starts profits more than expected.

“This, Sāriputta, is the cause, this is the reason why a business started by one person ends in failure, the same business started by another person profits less than expected, that started by another profits as expected, and that started by another profits more than expected.”